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Helka is located in Iceland and is Iceland’s most active volcano. Over 20 eruptions have occurred in and around the volcano since 870. In the Middle Ages, Icelanders called this volcano the Gateway to Hell.
Hekla volcano in south of Iceland erupted on Monday afternoon. There are live images from the Icelandic National Broadcasting Services. It showed a huge plume of smoke rising from the volcano. “If these reports has been accurate, the world wide damages could have been very extreme.”
Hekla has a height of 1,491 kilometres. Hekla has a series of craters, two of them are the most active.
One of the largest eruptions in Iceland was the Hekla 3 in 950 BC – 1159 BC which threw more than 7 km3 volcanic rock into the atmosphere. Its Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) was at 5. This would have cooled the temperatures in the northern parts of the globe. Traces of eruption has been identified in Scotland and Ireland.
Hekla is very popular when it comes to hiking. There is a way to the summit, takes 4 hours by foot. Skiing is possible in the spring on short routes around the crater. It is also possible to snowcat in the winter. Hekla can be reached using a car or the buses to Landmannalauger, it is possible to stay or camp at farms.
Original article: http://www.goarticles.com/cgi-bin/showa.cgi?C=2800818